Professor Michael Shats

Michael Shats

Professor

Physics of Fluids Laboratory


Research School of Physics and Engineering
The Australian National University
Canberra

Michael.Shats(AT)anu.edu.au

Research Interests

  • Turbulence in fluids
  • Surface waves
  • Transport in complex flows
  • Applications of turbulence in atmospheric research
  • Self-organization in complex systems

Condensing two-dimensional turbulence

Parametrically driven surface waves

Publications

2016


Encyclopedia article
Shats M. and Xia H.,
Turbulence,
in: Encyclopedia of Marine and Offshore Engineering,
John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (2016).
doi: 10.1002/9781118476406.emoe074,
ISBN: 978-1-118-47635-2

M. Shats, H. Punzmann, N. Francois, H. Xia
Wave-generated flows on the water surface,
Int. J. Mod. Phys.: Conf Series 42, 1660179 (2016).
(PDF)

H. Xia, H. Punzmann, N. Francois, D. Byrne, and M. Shats
Simultaneous observation of energy and enstriphy cascades in thin-layer turbulence,
Int. J. Mod. Phys.: Conf Series 42, 1660185 (2016).
(PDF)

2015


Book chapter
Shats M., Xia H. and Punzmann H.
Extreme Capillary Wave Events Under Parametric Excitation,
in Extreme Events: Observations, Modeling, and Economics,
M. Chaavez, M. Ghil and J. Urrutia-Fucugauchi, Eds., pp. 153-162,
American Geophysical Union and John Wiley and Sons,
ISBN 978-1-110-15701-4 (2015).

N. Francois, H. Xia, H. Punzmann, B. Faber and M. Shats
Braid Entropy of Two-Dimensional Turbulence,
Scientific Reports 5, 18564 (2015).
(link, Free online) (PDF)

N. Francois, H. Xia, H. Punzmann and M. Shats
Wave-particle interaction in the Faraday waves,
The European Physical Journal E 38, 106 (2015).
(link) (PDF)

N. Francois, H. Xia, H. Punzmann, T. Combriat and M. Shats
Inhibition of wave-driven two-dimensional turbulence by viscoelastic films of proteins,
Physical Review E 92, 023027 (2015). (link) (PDF)

2014


Punzmann H., Francois N., Xia H., Falkovich G. and Shats M.
Generation and reversal of surface flows by propagating waves,
Nature Physics 10, 658-663 (2014). doi:10.1038/nphys3041 (link) (PDF)

Xu H., Pumir A., Falkovich G., Bodenschatz E., Shats M., Xia H., Francois N., and Boffetta G.
Flight-crash events in turbulence,
PNAS 111, doi:10.1073/pnas.1321682111 (2014) (Link)

Francois N., Xia H., Punzmann H., Ramsden S., and Shats M.
Three-dimensional fluid motion in Faraday waves: Creation of vorticity and generation of two-dimensional turbulence,
Physical Review X 4, 021021 (2014) (Link, free online)

Xia H., Francois N., Punzmann H., and Shats M.
Taylor particle dispersion during transition to fully developed two-dimensional turbulence,
Physical Review Letters 112, 104501 (2014) (PDF)


2013

Xia H., Francois N., Punzmann H., and Shats M.
Lagrangian scale of particle dispersion in turbulence,
Nature Communications 4:2013 doi: 10.1038/ncomms3013 (2013). (link)

Francois N., Xia H., Punzmann H., and Shats M.
Inverse energy cascade and emergence of large coherent vortices in turbulence driven by Faraday waves,
Physical Review Letters 110, 194501 (2013) (PDF)


2012

Xia H., Maimbourg T., Punzmann H., and Shats M.
Oscillon dynamics and rogue wave generation in Faraday surface ripples,
Physical Review Letters 109, 114502 (2012) (PDF)

Xia H., and Shats M.
Propagating solitons generated by localized perturbations on the surface of deep water,
Physical Review E 85, 026313 (2012) (PDF)

Shats M., Xia H., and Punzmann H.
Parametrically excited water surface ripples as ensembles of oscillons,
Physical Review Letters, 108, 034502 (2012) [PDF]


2011

Xia H., Shats M. and Falkovich G.
Turbulence in fluid layers,
Journal of Physics: Conference Series 318, 012001 (2011) doi:10.1088/1742-6596/318/1/012001 [PDF] (link)

Byrne D., Xia H. & Shats M.
Robust inverse energy cascade and turbulence structure in three-dimensional layers of fluid,
Physics of Fluids 23, 095109 (2011), doi:10.1063/1.3638620 (link) [PDF]

Xia H., Byrne D., Falkovich G. & Shats M.
Upscale energy transfer in thick turbulent fluid layers,
Nature Physics 7, 321-324 (2011), doi:10.1038/nphys1910 (link) [PDF]


2010

Shats M., Byrne D., Xia H.
Turbulence Decay Rate as a Measure of Flow Dimensionality,
Physical Review Letters, 105, 264501 (2010) [PDF]

Xia H., Shats M., Punzmann H.
Modulation instability and capillary wave turbulence,
EPL 91, 14002 (2010) [PDF]

Shats M., Punzmann H., Xia H.
Capillary rogue waves,
Physical Review Letters, 104, 104503 (2010) [PDF]

H. Xia, M. Shats and H. Punzmann,
Universality of Kolmogorov law in spectrally condensed turbulence in thin layers,
Advances in Turbulence XII: Proceedings of the 12th EUROMECH European Turbulence Conference, Springer, Berlin (2010) [link] DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-03085-7_171

H. Punzmann, M. Shats, H. Xia
Observation of weak turbulence spectra of capillary waves,
Advances in Turbulence XII: Proceedings of the 12th EUROMECH European Turbulence Conference, Springer, Berlin (2010) [link] DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-03085-7_176


2009

H. Xia, M. Shats and G. Falkovich,
Spectrally Condensed Turbulence in Thin Layers,
Physics of Fluids, 21, 125101(2009) [PDF]

H. Punzmann, M.G. Shats and H. Xia,
Phase randomization of three-wave interactions in capillary waves,
Physical Review Letters, 103, 064502 (2009) [PDF]

M. Shats and H. Xia,
Spectrally Condensed Fluid Turbulence and L-H Transitions in Plasma,
Plasma and Fusion Research, 4, 012 (2009) [PDF]


2008

H. Xia, H. Punzmann, G. Falkovich and M.G. Shats,
Turbulence-Condensate Interaction in Two Dimensions,
Physical Review Letters, 101, 194504 (2008) [PDF]


2007

M.G. Shats, H. Xia, H. Punzmann and G. Falkovich
Suppression of Turbulence by Self-Generated and Imposed Mean Flows,
Physical Review Letters, 99, 164502 (2007) [PDF]

Xia H. and Shats M.G.
Spectral transfer analysis in plasma turbulence studies,
in: Frontiers in Turbulence and Coherent Structures
World Scientific Lecture Notes in Complex Systems, ISBN 981-270-393-4 (2007) [link]
editors J. Denier, J.S. Frederiksen, pp.457-470


2006

M.G. Shats, H. Punzmann and H. Xia
Turbulent Particle Transport in the Context of L-H Transitions,
Journal of Plasma and Fusion Research, 82, 353-356 (2006) [PDF] (in Japanese)

Book:
Turbulence and Coherent Structures in Fluids, Plasmas and Nonlinear Media,

World Scientific Lecture Notes in Complex Systems, ISBN 981-256-698-8 (2006) [link]
editors Michael Shats & Horst Punzmann

Book Chapter by Shats M.G. and Xia H.
Experimental studies of plasma turbulence,
in: Turbulence and Coherent Structures in Fluids, Plasmas and Nonlinear Media
World Scientific Lecture Notes in Complex Systems, ISBN 981-256-698-8 (2006) pp.233-280 [PDF]

H. Xia, M. G. Shats, H. Punzmann
Strong ExB shear flows in the transport-barrier region in H-mode plasma,
Physical Review Letters, 97, 255003 (2006) [PDF]

Shats M.G., Xia H., Punzmann H.
Zonal flows, GAM and radial electric field in the H-1 heliac,
Czechoslovak Journal of Physics, 56, 1353-1360 (2006) [PDF]

Shats M.G., Xia H., Yokoyama M.
Mean E x B flows and GAM-like oscillations in the H-1 heliac,
Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 48, S17-S29 (2006) [PDF]


2005

Shats M.G., Xia H., Punzmann H.
Spectral condensation of turbulence in plasmas and fluids and its role in low-to-high phase transitions in toroidal plasma,
Physical Review E, 71, 046409 (2005) [PDF]


2004

Shats M.G., Xia H., Punzmann H.
Self-organization in turbulence as a route to order in plasma and fluids,
Physics Archive [ arXiv:physics/0409074]

Punzmann H., Shats M.G.
Cellular automata model in particle transport studies in magnetized plasma,
Complexity International, (12) 83-90 (2004) [PDF]

Punzmann H., Shats M.G.
Formation and structure of transport barriers during confinement transitions in toroidal plasma,
Physical Review Letters, 93, 125003 (2004) [PDF]

Shats M.G., Xia H., Punzmann H. and Solomon W.M.
Spectral energy transfer, generation of zonal flows and their role in confinement transitions,
Fusion Science and Technology, 46, 279-87 (2004) [PDF]

Xia H. and Shats M.G.
Spectral energy transfer and generation of turbulent structures in toroidal plasma,
Physics of Plasmas, 11, (2004) 561-571. [PDF]

2003

Xia H. and Shats M.G.
Inverse energy cascade correlated with turbulent-structure generation in toroidal plasma,
Physical Review Letters 91 (2003) 155001. [PDF]

Shats M.G., Solomon W.M. and Xia H.
Turbulent transport reduction and randomization of coherent fluctuations by zonal flows in toroidal plasma,
Physical Review Letters 90
(2003) 125002. [PDF]

Shats M. G., H. Punzmann, H. Xia, and Solomon W. M.,
Measurements of poloidal rotation velocity using cross-correlation spectroscopy in the H-1 heliac,
Review of Scientific Instruments 74
(2003) 2044-2047. [PDF]

H. Punzmann, Shats M. G., W. M. Solomon and H. Xia,
Multichannel visible spectroscopy diagnostic for particle transport studies in the H-1 heliac,
Review of Scientific Instruments 74 (2003) 2048-2051. [PDF]

2002

Shats M. G., Solomon W. M.
Zonal-flow generation in the H-mode plasma and its role in confinement bifurcations,
New Journal of Physics 4 (2002) 30.1-30.14. [PDF]

Toi K., Ohkuni K., Shats M.G., Akiyama R., et al.
Observation of Inward Turbulent Particle Transport in Edge Plasma Region of CHS Heliotron/Torsatron,
Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion 44 (2002) A237-A243. [PDF]

Shats M. G., Solomon W. M.
Experimental evidence of self-regulation of fluctuations by time-varying flows,
Physical Review Letters 88 (2002) 045001. [PDF]

2001

Solomon W. M., Shats M. G.
Nonambipolarity of fluctuation driven fluxes and its effect on the radial electric field,
Physical Review Letters 87 (2001) 012145. [PDF]

Shats M.G., Solomon W.M., Talmadge J.N.
Radial Force Balance and Radial Current Generation in the H-1 Heliac,
Journal of Plasma and Fusion Research 4 (2001) 219-223. [PDF]

Nagasaki K., Shats M.G., Smith H., Punzmann H.
Power absorption calculation for electron resonance heating in H-1 heliac,
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan 70 (2001) 617-620. [PDF]

Rudakov D.L., Shats M.G., Harris J.H., Blackwell B.D.
Dynamic behavior of the low to high confinement transitions in the H-1 heliac,
Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion 43 (2001) 559-570. [PDF]

K. Nagasaki, Y. Itoh, K. Sakamoto, T. Obiki, T. Maekawa, H. Morioka, T. Terumichi, M. Asakawa, M.G. Shats and H. Punzmann,
Polarizers with non-rectangular grooves for high power millimeter waves,
Fusion Engineering and Design 53
491-7 (2001). [PDF]

Solomon W. M., Shats M. G.
Fluctuations studies using combined Mach/triple probe,
Review of Scientific Instruments 72 (2001) 449-452. [PDF]

Shi X., Boman J., Shats M. G.
Application of the continuous wavelet transform to the fluctuations and electric field analysis in the H-1 heliac,
Review of Scientific Instruments 72
(2001) 503-505. [PDF]

Solomon W. M., Shats M. G., Korneev D., Nagasaki K.
Collective microwave scattering diagnostic on the H-1 heliac,
Review of Scientific Instruments 72 (2001) 352-354. [PDF]

2000

Shats M.G., Toi K., Ohkuni K. et al.
Inward turbulent transport produced by positively sheared radial electric field in stellarators,
Physical Review Letters 84 (2000) 6042-6045. [PDF]

1999

Shats M.G.
Effect of the radial electric field on the fluctuation-produced transport in the H-1 heliac,
Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion 41 (1999) 1357-1370. [PDF]

Rudakov D.L., Shats M.G., Boswell R.W., Charles C., Howard J.
Overview of probe diagnostics on the H-1 heliac,
Review of Scientific Instruments 70 (1999) 476-479. [PDF]

1998

Shats M.G., Michael C.A., Rudakov D.L., Blackwell B.D.
Thresholds and the role of the radial electric field in confinement bifurcations in the H-1 heliac,
Physics of Plasmas 5 (1998) 2390-2398. [PDF]

Harris J. H., Shats M. G., Blackwell B. D., Borg G. G., Boswell R. W., Cheetham A. D., Dettrick S. A., Dewar R. L., Gardner H. J., Howard J., Michael C. A., Miljak D., Rudakov D. L.
Confinement, fluctuations, and electric fields in the H-1 heliac,
Fusion Energy
1998, Vol. 2, 729 (International Atomic Energy Agency, 1998).

1997

Shats M.G., Rudakov D.L., Boswell R.W, Borg G.G.
Ion Temperature and Plasma Flows in Improved Confinement Mode in the H-1 Heliac,
Physics of Plasmas 4 (1997) 3629-3634. [PDF]

Shats M.G., Howard J.
Correlation Spectroscopy Diagnostic on H-1 Heliac,
Fusion Engineering and Design 34-35 (1997). 271-275. [PDF]

Shats M.G., Rudakov D.L.
Reversal of the Fluctuation-Induced Transport During Low to High Transitions in the H-1 Heliac Plasma,
Physical Review Letters 79 (1997) 2690 2693. [PDF]

1996

Shats M.G., D.L. Rudakov, B.D. Blackwell, G.G. Borg, R.L. Dewar, S.M. Hamberger, J. Howard and L.E. Sharp,
Improved Particle Confinement Mode in the H-1 Heliac Plasma,
Physical Review Letters 77 (1996) 4190-4193. [PDF]

1995

Shats M.G., Harris J.H., Likin K.M. J. B. Wilgen, et al.
Density Fluctuations in the ATF Torsatron,
Fusion Technology 27 (1995) 481-484

Shats M.G., Harris J.H., Likin K.M. J. B. Wilgen, et al.
Drift-wave-like density fluctuations in the ATF torsatron,
Physics of Plasmas 2 (1995) 398-413. [PDF]

Shats M., Blackwell B.D., Borg G.G., Hamberger S.M., Howard J., Rudakov D.L., Sharp L.E.
Magnetic Configuration Scans in H-1 Heliac,
Fusion Technology 27 (1995) 286-289

Blackwell B.D., Borg G.G., Hamberger S.M., Howard J., Rudakov D.L., Sharp L.E., Shats M., Warr G.B., Zhang B.C.
Experimental Results of RF Produced Plasmas in the H-1 Toroidal Heliac
,
Fusion Technology 27 (1995) 282-285

Shats M., Blackwell B.D., Borg G.G., Hamberger S.M., Howard J., Rudakov D.L., Sharp L.E.
Magnetic field mapping system on the H-1 heliac,
Review of Scientific Instruments 66 (1995) 1163-1165 [PDF]